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Discharge Instructions for Kyphoplasty

Fractures in the bones of the spine (vertebrae) can cause severe back pain and loss of movement. You had a procedure called kyphoplasty to cement the fractures in your spine, restore the height of the vertebrae, and help relieve pain. Using image-guided X-rays, your healthcare provider inserted a needle into the fractured vertebrae. A balloon device was inserted through the needle and inflated just the right amount to create a cavity. Then the balloons were removed. The spaces created by the balloons were filled with bone cement. This gave strength and stability to your vertebrae. The following are instructions to help you care for your back when you are at home.

Home care

  • Take your medicine exactly as directed.

  • If you smoke, quit. Nicotine slows healing. Join a stop-smoking program to improve your chances of success.

  • Remove the small bandages on your incision  24 to 48  hours after the surgery.

  • Don’t shower or soak in a bathtub for  1 to 2  days after the surgery.

  • Use an ice pack or bag of frozen peas—or something similar—wrapped in a thin towel to reduce the swelling and pain around incision sites. Put the ice pack on the area for  20 minutes, then remove it for  20 minutes. Repeat as needed.

  • Wear your brace if you were told to do so by your healthcare provider. And to help stay flexible, bend as much as the brace allows you to.

  • For the first  1 to 2 days after the surgery, keep your head raised up when you are lying down.

  • Take short walks. Start by walking for  5 minutes at a time. Then gradually build up your time and distance.

  • Don’t drive for  2 days after surgery. And never drive while taking opioid pain medicine.

  • Ask your healthcare provider when you can start lifting objects again. Ask them about any weight limits for lifting.


Make a follow-up appointment as directed by your healthcare provider.

Call 911

Call 911 right away if you have any of the following:

  • Chest pain

  • Severe back pain

  • Shortness of breath

When to call your healthcare provider

Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any of the following:

  • Redness, swelling, drainage, or warmth around the incision sites gets worse

  • Severe pain at the incision sites

  • Weakness, numbness, or tingling in your legs

  • Loss of bowel or bladder control

  • Difficulty urinating

  • Fever of  100.4° F ( 38°C) or higher, or as directed by your healthcare provider

  • Shaking chills

Online Medical Reviewer: Luc Jasmin MD
Online Medical Reviewer: Marianne Fraser MSN RN
Online Medical Reviewer: Raymond Kent Turley BSN MSN RN
Date Last Reviewed: 9/1/2021
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